When I started looking into this “High Speed Rail” project just over a year ago it seemed to me that the project could be summarized in three words, ‘Lack of Imagination’, with a sub-title, ‘Confusion of Purpose’. In the succeeding twelve months I have seen little to make me change my mind.
As we all know, there has been considerable opposition within the Ashland community to this project. The ostensible reason for this opposition is that people do not wish to see their communities disrupted and even destroyed. But the fierceness of the resistance may have something to do with the fact that the justifications for the project seem to be so ephemeral and vague.
- High Speed Rail implies a straight-away trains speed of 300 km/h — say 180 mph. The journey time from Richmond to D.C. would be reduced from 3 hours to about 45 minutes. Given the time it gets to and from airports, the train would be quicker than flying and much quicker than driving. In response to this opportunity to provide true high speed rail service, we are being offered speeds of just over 60 mph and journey times about 15 minutes less than they are now. Moreover, the Acela system that is seen as being state of the art is, in fact, little faster than the bullet trains that were first used in Japan in the 1950s.
This is not a high speed rail project — even though there is a clear and present need for high speed rail.
- It has never been clear as to whether this is a passenger or freight project. The proposed improvements to passenger service are inconsequential yet changes to the freight capacity of the system (see Two-Mile Long Mile Train, Virginia Avenue Tunnel, Rocky Mountain Hub and Double-Stackers) are substantial and are happening quickly. (It should be noted, however, that the projected increases in freight traffic may not materialize, see Cognitive Dissonance and Freight Traffic.)
What is the purpose of this project?
- The “win-win” solution in which train speeds and capacity could be increased with minimal impact on the community of Ashland is to run a new track along the I-95 corridor. But but this option has been excluded due to the expense (particularly the cost of new bridges) and the tightness of the curves.
The I-95 corridor option has been abandoned on the grounds of cost and practicality — assuming the use of existing (i.e., 70 year old) technology. Evidently, no consideration has been given to the use of new technologies.
The Project Frame
Project managers are taught to define the project frame, i.e., to provide a clear explanation of the opportunity or problem being solved, then to define the scope of the project and to provide a plan for achieving the goals. They need to be clear as to, “What’s In and What’s Out”. With regard to this project we have never been provided with the frame — instead we have jumped straight into engineering. This is a fault.
With regard to the current “High Speed Rail” project, I suggest that the following items are inside the frame:
- True high speed trains running between Boston and Miami.
- Increased freight capacity along the D.C. to Norfolk corridor.
- Commuter service between Richmond and Washington with trains traveling at about the same speed as now.
All of which brings us to the State of Colorado.
Colorado High Speed Train
Yesterday CBS News published a report Colorado One Step Closer To Supersonic Transit With Hyperloop. The following are quotations from that report.
Colorado is one step closer to a supersonic transport system with the Hyperloop One, which would zip passengers and cargo along the Front Range at more than 700 mph.
That speed would translate into a five-minute trip from Denver to Boulder.
Researchers describe Hyperloop One as a sort of “bullet train” that can travel the distance from Los Angeles to San Francisco, normally a five-and-a-half-hour drive, in just 30 minutes.
You can put people in them. You can put freight in them. There’s a lot of applications. So it’s kind of like the railroad- only a couple hundred years later, and it’s a new technology.
For a summary of how such technology may apply to our corridor see the presentation to the Hanover Board of Supervisors in July 2016.
The best way of building the new rail capacity without seriously disrupting our community is to use the existing I-95 corridor. We have been told that that option is not practical and too expensive. A more precise and thoughtful response would have been, “The I-95 option is not practical and too expensive given the use of current technology”. (The California high speed rail project illustrates some of the limitations of existing technology.)
Were hyperloop technology to be used pillars would be erected on the median between the existing traffic lanes. The hyperloop trains/bullets would travel through tubes installed on top of the pillars. Disruption to the surrounding community would be minimal.
Features of such a system are:
- The “trains” are light (no track, no locomotive) so it would be practical to build the pillars and tubes within the existing corridor.
- The gradient limitations for existing trains (1% for freight, 3.5% for passenger) would not apply.
- Similarly, the current curve limitations would not apply (although the “trains” would have to slow down at bends in order to minimize ‘g’ forces on the passengers).
- The existing CSX tracks would be used for freight (although the freight companies are known to be interested in hyperloop) and for commuter trains.
Hyperloop trains rely on two technologies: magnetic levitation and low pressure tubes. Both technologies are proven and in commercial service. As stated to the Board of Supervisors, “This is not science fiction”.
Whenever I raise the possibility of true High Speed Rail the response is often on the lines of,
- Sounds interesting — but it will never happen.
- There’s no money for that.
- The technology is not proven.
- It will take too long.
I wonder, did the men and women who had the vision to lay a railroad between Richmond and D.C. in the 1830s face the same response?
1836 (from the Richmond Magazine)
(The picture is of an RF&P train starting out from Richmond in October 1865, near the Richmond Theater at 701 E. Broad St.)
Hibbs Collection, Valentine Richmond History Center
Flags snapped in the wind and a band played a suitable fanfare on Feb. 13, 1836, to salute the first railway train to ever chuff out of Richmond. The six handsome passenger cars and a baggage car that set out from the depot on Eighth and H (Broad) streets were drawn up H Street in a striking procession by the locomotive, a splendid steamer built in Liverpool, England, for $6,000. Most of the 150 passengers belonged to the Virginia General Assembly. The train went 20 miles, to within a half-mile of South Anna.
An immense crowd lined the track for nearly a mile to gaze upon this representative of things to come.